MAIN STREETS ACROSS THE WORLD 2023
Bucharest, October 2023: The real estate and construction sector attracted approximately €1.2 billion of foreign direct investments (FDI) in 2022, as the share of this economic activity in the overall FDI stock stood at 17.2% at the end of 2022, according to data from the National Bank of Romania analyzed by the Cushman & Wakefield Echinox real estate consultancy company.
Under these circumstances, the real estate and construction sector became the third largest recipient of foreign capital in Romania, after industry (39.2% of the FDI stock) and trade (17.7%) and ahead of financial intermediation and insurance (13.2%). The total FDI flows in Romania were of €10 billion in 2022, the FDI stock increasing to a level of €107.9 billion.
The FDI stock pertaining to the real estate and construction sector reached €18.6 billion at the end of 2022, recording the third highest growth rate among all economic sectors after industry (€32.6 billion in 2022 vs €29.4 billion in 2021) and trade (€19.1 billion in 2022 compared with €17.2 billion in the previous year).
The four major economic activities with the highest FDI positions had a 92.8% contribution toward its overall growth during the 2013 – 2022 period. In absolute terms, industry went up by €13.1 billion (+45.3% compared with the end of 2013), trade by €12.7 billion (+198.8%), construction and real estate transactions by €12.3 billion (+196.5%) and financial intermediation and insurance by €5.7 billion (+66.8%).
The FDI position breakdown in greenfield enterprises in terms of the main economic activity placed construction and real estate transactions among the top three receivers, with a share of 18.2% of the total FDI in greenfield enterprises, after industry (28.7%) and trade (23.4%). Moreover, the contribution of those particular business sectors to the closing FDI position in this type of enterprises remained relatively stable throughout 2022 compared with 2021.
Foreign direct investment includes the paid-up capital and the reserves related to a non-resident investor holding at least 10% of the voting power or of the subscribed share capital of a resident enterprise, debt instruments between the investor or the group to which the investor belongs and the resident direct investment enterprise, as well as the reinvestment of earnings.
The consistent increase of the FDI flows in real estate and construction during 2022 also reflects the evolution of the total stock of modern commercial properties, with the foreign investors being the largest owners of such properties in Romania on all market segments, owning more than 70% of the total stock at national level.
Therefore, the real estate developers delivered new office, retail and industrial projects with a total area of around 1.1 million sq. m in 2022, the modern real estate stock reaching 14.9 million sq. m at the end of last year. Furthermore, by taking into account the projects completed this year so far and those to be delivered by the end of 2023, the abovementioned stock will exceed the 15.5 million sq. m threshold.
Vlad Saftoiu, Head of Research Cushman & Wakefield Echinox: „If we also consider the foreign direct investments attracted by retail, investments totaling approximately €1.9 billion in 2022, the real estate sector has directly and indirectly benefited from a foreign capital inflow of more than €3 billion, a level comparable to that of the manufacturing industry (€3.1 billion). This positive dynamic once again illustrates the important role the real estate sector (through both domestic and foreign capital) has in the development of other economic sectors in Romania, a fact strongly confirmed by the significant expansion of all the real estate market segments during the past 10 years.”
Cushman & Wakefield Echinox is a leading real estate company on the local market and the exclusive affiliate of Cushman & Wakefield in Romania, owned and operated independently, with a team of over 80 professionals and collaborators offering a full range of services to investors, developers, owners and tenants.
Cushman & Wakefield, one of the global leaders in commercial real estate services, with 52,000 employees in over 60 countries and $ 10.1 billion in revenue, provides asset and investment management consulting services, capital markets, leasing, properties administration, tenant representation. For more information, visit www.cushmanwakefield.com